Savannah forest share The trees of the savanna

The trees of the savanna

The „long grass landscape“where shrubs and trees grow in relatively regular distances is typical of the savanna in Togo. The savanna lies between the desert and tropical rain forests. The trees have to survive in the dry priods with very low amounts of precipitation. The trees which actually survive have the ability to store a lot of water. The vegetation has alot of activity in the rainy season (from May to October).

The aim of the afforestation programme of IT Village is to plant mixed forests. In spring 2010, a nursery garden was opened in which native sorts are cultivated. Almost all these trees hold a high utility value for people and animals. They stabilize the ground-water level and prevent flooding. They supply the nutrition, medicine, and fuel and building material.

 

The Baobab or African baobab (Adansonia digitata) is the symbolic tree of the region. The baobab has a soft-woody and thick trunk. It can extend to a radius of more than 20 m. It is in position to store up to 100.000 liters of water (Anton Fischer, Forest vegetation. Blackwell Berlin, Vienna, 1995. S. 93-95). It has a five to ten centimeters thick bark. In the drying periods it sheds its leaves and its main period of bloom amounts to four weeks. Its flowers blossom only shortly. They are capable of pollination in a time frame of 16-20 hours. Bees are only too glad to settle in the Baobab. We once counted 20 wild bee hives in a Baobab trunk. Its seeds are edible. The pulp is rich in vitamin C. The leaves from this tree are used by the locals for sauces. Traditional medicine is won from the bark and its roots. Cosmetic products are produced from the oil containing seeds. Cords are obtained from the bark to bind the animals. The Baobab can live to become 100 years old. There are thousands of myths that surround the tree.

The shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxes) is found in tropical Africa between Senegal and Uganda. Its thick, corked bark protects the tree from bushfires. It flourishes in big bundles. The honey from its blossoms is particularly tasty. The fruit cores contain 50% of fat and are suitable for the nutrition and for skin care. Sheabutter is a desired raw material in the European cosmetics industry. Sheabutter is durable product in its purity and can endure tropical temperatures for up to four years. Its leaves bark and roots provide the people in Togo with medicine. Soil „compactors“are produced from its trunk for the traditional dish fufu.

The Néré (Parkia biglobosa) belongs to the family of legumes. It can grow to 20 ms tall. An energy containing powder is obtained for porridge for children from its fruits. The protein containing cores serve as a kind of mustard. Red dye is drawn from its bark.

 

 

 

20 other tree sorts are grown in the nurseries of IT Village. Examples are the tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica) from the family of the ebony plants of the Diospyros mespiliformis, the tropical fruit-trees Indian plum (Ziziphus mauritiana) and Mango (Mangifera indica). The Ethiopian Palmyrapalme (Borassus aethiopum), the Marula tree (Sclerocarya birrea), the wild date (Balanites aegyptiaca), from the family of the mahogany plants of the Khaya senegalensis, red silk trees (Bombax costatum) and the Seyal acacia (Acacia seyal).

 

Our forest shareholders

Till BackhausDr. Till Backhaus
Landwirtschafts- und Umweltminister Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

In Mecklenburg-Vorpommern werden Klimawälder seit 2007 gepflanzt. Urlauber und Bürger aus MV haben aus der Idee Waldaktie einen großen Erfolg gemacht. Gute Ideen und einfache Lösungen finden immer eine breite Akzeptanz. Aber Klimaschutz braucht weltweite Aktivitäten. Darum unterstütze ich gerne die Waldaktie der Savanne in Togo und wünsche ihr viel Erfolg.

Ole Schwabe Ole Schwabe
Student in Greifswald

Ein innovatives Projekt, welches uns allen die Möglichkeit gibt, für Mensch und Natur aktiv einzutreten und in unsere globale Zukunft zu investieren. Der Klimawandel wird sich nicht an lokale Grenzen halten und so müssen wir ihm heute schon aktiv begegnen. Am besten in einer Art und Weise, die auch noch den Menschen in einer der ärmsten Regionen der Welt nachhaltig hilft, sich selbst zu helfen. Ich wünsche uns allen, dass Ansätze wie die Waldaktie Schule machen und wie all die kleinen Bäumchen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern und Togo Wurzeln schlagen.

Marianne Kühn Marianne Kühn
Studentin in Bonn

Durch meine Arbeit bei IT Village, im Norden Togos, habe ich die Folgen der jahrzehntelangen Rodung hautnah miterlebt. Die Waldaktie ist eine tolle Möglichkeit, gemeinsam mit den Menschen vor Ort etwas gegen die Wüstenausdehnung zu tun.